By E. Leader, E. Predazzi
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Extra resources for An Intro to Gauge Theories and Modern Particle Physics [Vol 1]
Metadata are once removed from data. That is, metadata describe the properties of data but are separate from that data. Thus, the metadata shown in Table 1-1 do not include any sample data from the Class Roster of Figure 1-1a. Metadata enable database designers and users to understand what data exist, what the data mean, and how to distinguish between data items that at first glance look similar. Managing metadata is at least as crucial as managing the associated data because data without clear meaning can be confusing, misinterpreted, or erroneous.
Reliable metadata are very difficult to establish in file processing systems. For example, the same data item may have different names in different files or, conversely, the same name may be used for different data items in different files. 45 Table 1-2 Disadvantages of File Processing Systems Program-data dependence Duplication of data Limited data sharing Lengthy development times Excessive program maintenance Limited Data Sharing With the traditional file processing approach, each application has its own private files, and users have little opportunity to share data outside their own applications.
Chapter 14: Object-Oriented Data Modeling This chapter presents an introduction to object-oriented modeling using Object Management Group’s Unified Modeling Language (UML). This chapter has been carefully reviewed to ensure consistency with the latest UML notation and best industry practices. UML provides an industry-standard notation for representing classes and objects. The chapter continues to emphasize basic object-oriented concepts, such as inheritance, encapsulation, composition, and polymorphism.